down syndrome

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genetic disorder: a genetic disorder characterized by a broad skull, blunt facial features, short stature, and learning difficulties.

It is caused by the presence of an extra copy of a specific chromosome.
Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
Down syndrome (noun)
a congenital condition characterized by moderate to severe mental retardation, slanting eyes, a broad short skull, broad hands with short fingers, and trisomy of the human chromosome numbered 21 - called also Down's syndrome
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